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Border Collie

Intelligent, alert and athletic

About the Border Collie

The Border Collie combines an intense work ethic, unlimited stamina and razor-sharp intelligence into one spectacular dog. They’re one of the world’s premiere herding dogs and are known for their stare or ‘eye’ which they use to control their flock.

They tend to have extremely outgoing personalities that fit perfectly with their high energy. A Border Collie puppy needs activity, and they need a lot of it.

Active owners with a good knowledge of dog training will appreciate just how attentive and athletic this breed is – they make great competitors in various canine sports.

border collie lying on tile floor

Border Collie Breed Characteristics

45 to 55 cm at the shoulder

30 to 55 pounds

Life Expectancy
12 to 15 years

Coat Colours
Black, white, chocolate, blue, red, brindle, tri-colour

Here are some of the qualities you can expect from the Border Collie, rated from one to five stars. However, all dogs are individuals, and your dog may not display exactly the same characteristics.

Family Life
Friendly with Kids
Friendly with Dogs
Ease of Grooming
Exercise Needs
Prey Drive
Tendency to Bark or Howl
Good for Novice Owners
Apartment Living

Border Collie Breed History

Herding dogs have been part of British farm life since as far back as the first century B.C. These loyal working dogs were one of the most valuable assets a farmer could have. There were many different types of these dogs in each region.

The Border Collie is so named because it comes from the border country between Scotland and England. It only became a distinct breed from other Collie dogs in the mid-19th century when Queen Victoria became a fan of the dogs and started her own breeding program.

Today the Border Collie is ranked as the most intelligent dog breed in the world, with one specimen, Chaser the Dog, supposedly recognizing over a thousand words.

The breed excels today in canine sports but is still very highly valued as a working farm dog.

Caring For a Border Collie

How to Choose a Responsible Border Collie Breeder

It’s best to get Border Collie puppies from Border Collie Breeders that are part of a breeder organisation. These organisations regulate breeding practices, which will help ensure that your puppy is tested for hereditary problems. 

It is also important to try and visit your breeder so that you can check the living conditions of the dam and puppies before committing to the sale. A good breeder should be able to explain their breeding program and breeding values.

Border Collie FAQ

Border Collies are working dogs and thrive on activity. Relegating a Border Collie puppy to the yard for most of the day may make them moody and more susceptible to developing behavioural issues.

Yes, Border Collies can be great service dogs due to their intelligence and work ethic. They’re also intensely loyal to their owners and are perceptive of their owner’s moods and needs.

Dog Breeds Similar to the Border Collie

The information is for general use only. For any specific advice or queries, please consult with your veterinarian.

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