The Pomeranian is the world’s premiere toy breed. These tiny, happy-go-lucky dogs love to make friends and love to explore the world around them – after all, everything else is so big!
They aren’t just cute, they’re smart as well. They enjoy learning new tricks, and excel at showing off their abilities in front of a crowd. Pomeranian puppies are also sensitive to human emotions, and some can be trained to be therapy dogs.
If you own a Pom, you’ll never be surprised by unwanted guests. These dogs are alert and ready to raise the alarm whenever strangers approach.
Height17 to 30 cm at the shoulder
Weight3 to 7 pounds
Life Expectancy12 to 16 years
Coat ColoursRed, cream, black, brown, orange, sable, blue
Here are some of the qualities you can expect from the Pomeranian, rated from one to five stars. However, all dogs are individuals, and your dog may not display exactly the same characteristics.
The Pomeranian comes from – unsurprisingly – Pomerania, a region in what is now known as Poland and Germany. It’s theorised that the Pom is descended from the ancient Spitz breeds of the region, and is related to other breeds such as the German Spitz and Samoyed.
Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George III, was the first English royal who owned Pomeranians. This legacy would be solidified by her granddaughter, Queen Victoria, who would not only breed Poms but also have them compete in dog shows. Naturally, these royal dogs would go on to win many honours.
It’s said that Queen Victoria began the trend of breeding smaller and smaller Pomeranians. Whether or not that’s true, she undoubtedly made them the most popular toy breed in the world with her influence.
When choosing a Pomeranian breeder, it’s important to find an ethical breeder that is part of a breeding organisation. These organisations ensure that their breeders are following a minimum standard of care for their animals. The breeder you buy your Pomeranian puppy from should be able to show you their dog’s breeding history and advise you of any genetic issues.
When you look for a Pomeranian puppy, ask your breeder whether you can visit so you can inspect the living conditions of their dogs. Responsible breeders will be more than happy to let you meet their animals, including the dam and stud of the puppy you will be buying.
No, the entire reason the Pom was developed was to keep humans company. They thrive on close contact with their owners and family members, and do not do well when left alone.
Yes! Poms will not hesitate to bark when they sense an intruder. They're not very good as guard dogs, but they won’t back down from any challenge.
The information is for general use only. For any specific advice or queries, please consult with your veterinarian.
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